NAIRNSHIRE, a county, in the north-east of Scotland, bounded on the north by the Moray Frith, on the east by Elginshire and a detached portion of the county of Inverness, on the south by Elginshire, and on the west and south-west by Inverness-shire. It lies between 57° 22' and 57° 38' (N. Lat.) and 3° 40' and 4° 7' (W. Long.), and is about twenty-two miles in length and fifteen miles in breadth; comprising an area of 200 square miles, or 128,000 acres; 2338 houses, of which 2235 are inhabited; and containing a population of 9217, of whom 4231 are males, and 4986 females. This district formed part of the ancient province of Moray, and was in the diocese of that name; the county is now in the synod of Moray and presbytery of Nairn, and includes four parishes, with small parts of others. In civil matters it is under the jurisdiction of the sheriff of Elgin; it contains the royal burgh of Nairn, which is the county town, and a few villages. Under the act of the 2nd of William IV., it is associated with Elgin in returning one member to the imperial parliament; the election for Nairnshire takes place at Nairn, where the courts.are held. The surface in the northern part is tolerably level, but in the southern part hilly and mountainous. The principal heights are, Ben-Bui, CragOwer, Cragerachan, and the Leonach, on the confines of Inverness-shire; and Cairn-Glaschurn and Cairn-Dui towards the border of Elginshire; but none of them have any very great degree of elevation. The rivers are the Findhorn and the Nairn, of which the former enters the county at Strathdearn, on the south-west, and, flowing through that valley with a very rapid current, in a north-eastern direction, falls into the Moray Frith in the county of Elgin. The Nairn also pursues a north-eastern course through the county, which it enters at its western extremity from Invernessshire; and flows into the frith at Nairn. Both rivers abound with excellent salmon. There are several lakes, but the only one of any considerable extent is the loch of the Clans, about a mile in length and half a mile broad, with a small island in the centre, and from which a streamlet flows into the frith.
   Rather more than one-half of the land is arable; of the remainder, the greater portion is meadow and pasture, and the rest unprofitable moss. The soil of the arable lands is in some places a rich clayey loam, and in other parts a light sand, with other varieties; the system of agriculture has been much improved, but is still inferior to that pursued in the south. The minerals are not important: limestone is found near the coast, and marl of different kinds has been applied to the improvement of the lands; freestone of valuable quality is also abundant, of good colour, and compactness equal to the Portland stone. There is a considerable quantity of natural wood remaining; and extensive plantations have been formed, which are generally in a thriving state. The chief commerce is the export of corn, sheep, cattle, salmon, and other fish, with great quantities of timber. Facility of communication is afforded by roads kept in excellent repair. The rateable annual value of the county is £16,796, of which £15,202 are returned for lands, £1403 for houses, and the remainder for other species of property.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Nairnshire — (spr. nǟrnschir), schott. Grafschaft, von den Grafschaften Inverneß und Elgin umgeben, südlich vom Moray Firth, 556 qkm (10,1 QM.) groß mit (1901) 9291 Einw. (von denen [1891] 2487 neben Englisch Gälisch sprachen), wird von dem in den Moray Firth …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nairnshire — County of Nairn in blau hervorgehoben; die Exklaven in Morayshire werden wegen ihrer geringen Größe von der Karte nicht erfasst Nairnshire, auch County of Nairn genannt (Schottisch Gälisch: Siorrachd Inbhir Narann), war eine Grafschaft und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nairnshire — ˈnaa(ə)rnˌshi(ə)r, ˈne(ə)rn , ˈnārn , shər adjective or nairn Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Nairnshire or Nairn county, Scotland : of or from the county of Nairn, Scotland : of the kind or style prevalent in Nairn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nairnshire — geographical name see Nairn 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nairnshire — ▪ historic county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Nairn        historic county, northeastern Scotland, on the southern shore of the Moray Firth. The town of Nairn is the historic county town (seat) and the principal town.       Part of the …   Universalium

  • NAIRNSHIRE —    (9), a northern county of Scotland, fronts the Moray Firth, wedged in between Elgin on the N. and Inverness on the W. and S.; the surface rugged and mountainous in the S. and E., slopes towards the Firth, and is traversed by the rivers Nairn… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • nairnshire — nairn·shire …   English syllables

  • Nairnshire — /ˈnɛənʃɪə/ (say nairnshear), / ʃə/ (say shuh) noun a former county in northern Scotland; now part of Highland. Also, Nairn …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nairnshire Camanachd — Nairnshire Full name Nairnshire Camanachd Founded 2006 Ground Community Playing Fields, Nairn League Defunct (2007) 2007 …   Wikipedia

  • Cromartyshire and Nairnshire (UK Parliament constituency) — Cromartyshire and Nairnshire Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1708 (1708)–1832 (1832) …   Wikipedia

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